Flying on an airplane is the fastest and easiest way to reach your destination. While some locations offer long flat stretches of runway, certain places are limited with space and make for very dangerous airports. Destinations where runways jut out from a mountain or appear in narrow valleys can be particularly challenging. We’ve selected 10 of the most dangerous airports in the world to land at, even for the most skilled of pilots.
1. Lukla Airport – Nepal
This famous runway is the main airport for those visiting Mt. Everest. Nestled between mountains, this airport has an incredibly short length of runway, making landings very difficult. At times, there are no air traffic controllers on site so pilots must touch down on their own. With no lights and little electrical power, landing in any condition, windy or perfect, is risky.
2. Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport – Saba Island
Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport is located approximately 45 kilometres south of St. Maarten, on the Dutch Caribbean island of Saba. With a runway of only 400 metres in total length, this makes it the world’s shortest commercial airport runway. Although the landing strip looks nothing short of incredible, it is considered the most dangerous airport for landing. This runway makes landing a challenge for even the most skilled pilots around.
3. Princess Juliana International Airport – St. Maarten
Another airport located on the Dutch Caribbean with an incredibly dangerous runway is Princess Juliana International Airport in St. Maarten. It is perhaps the most famous on the list of airports, with a public beach located just before the runway. This makes for some very large and loud gusts of wind and sand disrupting beach goers, trying to enjoy the beautiful, blue water. Hitting visitors isn’t the issue for pilots though, their main concern is the short runway, only 2,179 metres in length. This may sound like a pretty long runway; however, when you take into consideration that most large aircraft require more than 2,500 metres to ensure a safe landing, it’s enough to make the best pilot, sweat a little.
4. Narsarsuaq Airport – Greenland
[Featured Image Source: scoopwhoop.com]
Greenland is certainly not as green as it sounds, in fact, it is quite white and icy! Similar to Antarctica, the airports in Greenland are cold and covered in ice. This makes for difficult landings. Narsarsuaq Airport in Greenland is possibly one of the most difficult runways in the world to land in. With a runway coated in slick ice and only 1,800 metres in length, landing is incredibly stressful. If the ice isn’t trying enough, constant stormy weather creates intense turbulence and low visibility on approach and the nearby active volcano erupts sending ash into the sky frequently, threatening to stall and ruin engines!
5. McMurdo Air Station – Antarctica
[Featured Image Source: wikimedia.org]
Another offender on the dangerous airport list is McMurdo Air Station in Antarctica. Averaging below-freezing temperatures, 365 days of the year, flying into the U.S. Antarctic Station can test even the best pilot. While the runways are long, they are made of ice and the weather is variable. If you’re not phased by the freezing temperatures, at the right time of year, knowing your pilots are landing the plane using night vision goggles because it’s dark all day, might just change your mind.
6. Toncontin Airport – Honduras
[Featured Image Source: privatejets.com]
While the mountains around Toncontin Airport are stunning, they’re just one hurdle to overcome for a safe landing. Toncontin Airport is situated in a valley 1,004 metres above sea level and due to surrounding mountainous terrain, pilots need to make a 45-degree bank to effectively reach the runway. Due to this, passengers experience a quick drop in altitude making eardrums pop and stomachs raise. Frequent winds in the area complicate landings and as a result, pilots are forced to make several last-second adjustments when landing.
7. Paro Airport – Bhutan
[Featured Image Source: centratravels.com]
This airport, nestled in the Himalayan Mountains, sits some 2225 metres above sea level and is surrounded by peaks as high as 5486 metres high. Located right on the banks of the river Paro Chu, the terrain is unforgiving and the weather so incredibly severe that flights are allowed only under visual meteorological conditions and are restricted to daylight hours. It’s no wonder that only a handful of pilots worldwide, are qualified to land at Paro Airport in Bhutan.
8. Madeira Airport – Portugal
[Featured Image Source: amusingplanet.com]
Situated between steep cliffs and the ocean shores, the airport’s short runway is known well for its inconsistent winds. Winds aren’t the only stressful factor though! In 2000 the Madeira Airport runway was extended to approximately 2780 metres. Sounds good right? Sure does, until you realise that a large portion of the runway extension is built on a platform over the ocean and is supported by 180 columns. This means that if you drift too far on a bad day, your airplane could just go over the side!
9. MCAS in Futenma – Japan
[Featured Image Source: http: japantimes.co.jp]
While not a commercial airport, the U.S. Marine Corps Air Station in Okinawa Japan is one of the most dangerous in the world. With F/A-18 Hornets and V-22 Osprey continuously taking off and landing, the airport is an incredible sight to see. While the spectacle of jets soaring might be beautiful, the airport is situated in a high-density area, making landings difficult.
10. Kai Tak Airport – Hong Kong
[Featured Image Source: edition.cnn.com]
Strong crosswinds and surrounding mountains made Kai Tak Airport one of the world’s most dangerous airports. With numerous skyscrapers also located to the north of the airport and its only runway jutting out into Victoria Harbour, landings were incredibly dramatic and technically demanding for pilots. Christened “the mother of all scary airports”, it closed in 1998 with the
new Hong Kong International Airport opening at Chek Lap Kok, 30 kilometres to the west.
If you’ve enjoyed our top ten most dangerous airports, why not check out ‘Top 10 Things Every Pilot Should Have On Their Bucket List‘ or our ‘Top 10 Gifts For A Pilot Or Aviation Enthusiast‘
[Featured Header Image Source: stetson.edu]